Buffalo Rubbing Rock
About 12,000 years ago a retreating glacier deposited this granite boulder near Strathmore, Alberta. After the glacial melt, land eventually emerged, and a uniquely adapted animal - the American bison (also called the American buffalo) - came to populate the great plains of North America. In springtime bison would rub up against boulders like this one to remove their heavy winter coats.
For thousands of years the buffalo was the mainstay of the First Nations peoples who followed the vast herds in a seasonal round. By the 1870s the North American bison's population was dangerously low after being hunted to near extinction by newcomers from Europe.More Attractions & Exhibits View Interactive Map